Wind Farms in India | Wind Power Plants
A wind farm or wind park also called a wind power station or wind power plant, is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity. Wind farms vary in size from a small number of turbines to several hundred wind turbines covering an extensive area. wind farms generate electricity that is used privately by an individual or a small set of homes or businesses. The faster the average wind speed, the more electricity the wind turbine will generate, so faster winds is generally economically better for wind farm developments.
The Indian government has installed over 800 wind-monitoring stations all over the country through the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) and issued wind potential maps at 50m, 80m, 100m, and 120m above ground level.
Wind Energy in India has been the fastest-growing renewable energy source in the country. As the country has a vast coastline, Wind Power Plant in India is onshore and offshore. As of 30 September 2022, wind energy in India has an overall installed power capacity of 41.666 GW. Wind energy in India has a huge potential to fulfill the country’s power needs and boost the economy.
The largest Wind Farms in India is the Muppandal Wind Farm in Tamil Nadu. Below mentioned are all the details of state-wise top 10 wind power plants in India. The article elaborates on complete details of the top 10 wind farms in India.
Muppandal Wind Farm
The Muppandal Wind Farm is India’s largest operational onshore wind farm. This project is located in the Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu. The project was developed by Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency. Its installed capacity is 1,500 MW, which makes it the 3rd-largest operational onshore wind farm in the world.
Jaisalmer Wind Farm
The project was initiated in August 2001 by developed by Suzlon Energy and comprises Suzlon’s entire wind portfolio – ranging from the earliest 350 kW model to the latest S9X – 2.1 MW series. Its installed capacity is 1,064 MW, which makes it one of the world’s largest operational onshore wind farms. At 1064 MW, the wind park became the largest of its kind in India, and one of the largest wind farms in the world. In 2015, 24 wind turbine generators of 2.1 MW each were installed at Tejuva, taking the overall production to 1300 MW.
Brahmanvel Wind Farm
The 528MW Brahmanvel wind farm, located in the Dhule district of Maharashtra, has been developed by Parakh Agro Industries. Apart from Dhule, the other places in Maharashtra which have a large number of powers generating facilities include Satara, Sangli, and Panchgani.
Kayathar Wind Farm
The 300MW kayathar wind farm, located in Tutcorin district of Tamil Nadu, has been developed by Renew Power. The project is currently active. It has been developed in a single phase. Post-completion of construction, the project got commissioned in March 2019. The project cost is $52.7m. The project has 104m high towers. Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy was selected as the turbine supplier for the wind power project. The company provided 25 units of G97-2.0 MW turbines, each with a 2MW nameplate capacity.
Dhalgaon Wind Farm
Gadre Marine Exports developed the 278MW Dhalgaon wind farm in Sangli, Maharashtra. The wind farm, commissioned in 2005, features turbines from Suzlon and Enercon. The investor-friendly policies make Maharashtra one of the best states to invest in wind energy. About 2309MW of private wind power projects have been installed in the state up to March 2011.
According to the Maharashtra Energy Development Agency, the commercial viability of wind power projects is gradually increasing because of technological advancement.
Vankusawade Wind Farm
Maharashtra is also home to the 259MW Vankusawade wind park, which is one of India’s largest wind power production facilities. Vankusawade wind farm, which features Suzlon S33/350 turbines of 350KW each, is situated on a mountain plateau 1,150m above the Koyana Reservoir, around 40km from the town of Satara, Satara District. The windy and cold Vankusawade site has various old, weather-worn turbines with lattice towers and decaying.
Vaspet wind Farm
It is a 144MW onshore wind power project. It is located in Maharashtra, India. The project is currently active. It has been developed in multiple phases. Post-completion of construction, the project got commissioned in March 2014. The project was developed by Inox Wind and NSL Renewable Power. The project is currently owned by NSL Renewable Power.
The project generates 70,080MWh of electricity thereby offsetting 68,328t of carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) a year. The project cost is $45m. Inox Wind was selected to render EPC services for the wind power project.
Inox Wind was selected as the turbine supplier for the wind power project. The project consists of 20 units of WT 2000 DF turbines, each with a 2MW nameplate capacity.
Tuljapur Wind Farm
It is a 126 MW onshore wind power project. It is located in osamabad, Maharashtra by Siemens Gamesa. The project is currently active. Tuljapur Wind Farms Private Limited is an Indian Non-Government Company. It’s a private company and is classified as a company limited by shares. Its authorized share capital is INR 1.00 lac and the total paid-up capital is INR 10,000.00.
Beluguppa Wind Park
Beluguppa Wind Farm – Orange is a 100.8MW onshore wind power project. It is located in Andhra Pradesh, India. The project is currently active. It has been developed in multiple phases. Post-completion of construction, the project got commissioned in July 2016. It includes the construction of a substation and related infrastructure, the installation of wind turbines, generators, and transformers, and the laying of transmission lines. On October 6, 2015, Suzlon Group (Suzlon) was awarded a contract for the project development. Under the terms of the contract, Suzlon will supply 48 S111 90m wind turbine generators, and 2.1MW wind turbines. Suzlon will offer operation and maintenance services for an initial period of 12 years for the project. In the First quarter of 2016, construction works commenced and are underway.
Mamatkheda Wind ParK
Mamatkheda Wind Farm Orange Group is a 100.5MW onshore wind power project. It is located in Madhya Pradesh, India. The project is currently active. It has been developed in a single phase. Post-completion of construction, the project got commissioned in April 2015. The power generated from the project is sold to MP Power Management under a power purchase agreement. The power is sold at the rate of $0.099kWh for a period of 25.00 years, starting from 2015.
Regen Powertech was selected as the turbine supplier for the wind power project. The company provided 67 units of VENSYS 87 turbines, each with a 1.5MW nameplate capacity.